On September 14, 2009, Harvard joined Cornell, Dartmouth, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and the University of California, Berkeley in becoming a signatory to the Compact for Open-access Publishing Equity (COPE). OSC maintains the COPE website.

The Harvard Open-Access Publishing Equity (HOPE) fund is Harvard's implementation of the Compact. HOPE provides funds to Harvard authors to reimburse processing fees for articles published in open-access journals.